Thursday, October 14, 2010

Animal Hearing Series: Bats

This post is part of a series I began with Lizards.

Bat
We're getting near Halloween and it seems everywhere you turn is something creepy and spooky. Bats are a common symbol of Halloween, so it seemed appropriate to cover them in the Animal Hearing Series.

Most people have heard of bats' ability of echolocation. It's a natural type of sonar. Bats use it to navigate, hunt and find spots to roost. To perform echolocation, a bat makes a loud sound, and then measures the time it takes for the sound to bounce back to determine how far away things are. They can also tell what they're near to by the sound quality of the echo they hear.

Because they use echolocation to get around and can't use their eyesight much while hunting, you'd think bats would need to have very good hearing. And they certainly do. They can hear between 20 to 120,000 Hz.  They are very sensitive to high-frequency sounds, way beyond what humans can hear. Even the shape of bats' ears contribute to being able to hear better.

Sites Referenced 
Animal echolocation on Wikipedia
Bats
The Secret Life of Bats

Previous Posts in the Animal Hearing Series
Lizards
Snakes
Cows
Sharks

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